Preventive maintenance can
save you money on repairs.
Usually in a clear
reservoir marked with
minimum and maximum lines.
The brake fluid is also part of a closed system and
should never run low.
This check is done by loosening the top on the
master cylinder and removing the lid,
If fluid is needed consult your
owner's manual for correct type and fill to
Check color of fluid, it should be a golden color.
If the fluid appears brown, it is time to
have the fluid replaced.
If your brakes ever feel a little off,
check the brake fluid first.
Fill if it’s low, but then have the system
checked, there could be a leak or the
brake pads may be wearing.
Brakes should be inspected at least twice a year.
The best times are just before summer
and winter to prevent problems
in extreme temperatures.
This check is while
the engine is running.
The transmission should be at operating
Remove dipstick, wipe clean, insert
and remove again to check the fluid level.
Be careful not to overfill!
The transmission fluid is part of a closed system
and should be red in color.
If you check it, and it’s brown or
smells burnt, it’s time to replace
Windshield washer fluid:
This check should be done
by removing the
cap of the reservoir and filling it with
Keep it full. It’s important to keep your windshield
clean, especially when there is sun glare.
service attendants will offer to check your
oil when the engine is hot.
Some will even show you the dipstick to
validate claim engine needs oil,
( the oldest trick in book to sell you more oil ).
It is then overfull causing a smoky exhaust.
check on level ground when the engine
is cold to give accurate reading.
Remove the dipstick, wipe with a paper towel,
reinsert the dipstick completely in the tube.
Remove the dipstick and
read oil level. The dipstick should have a
normal range indicated.
Add oil only when oil level is at or below
Add Oil mark.
Be careful not to overfill.
Make sure you use the correct oil weight for
your car and climate.
Power steering fluid:
This check is done by
checking the dipstick.
Use the dipstick to check fluid level in the
same way you would the engine oil.
On newer vehicles, you can
visually check the reservoir.
If you hear weird noises as you steer,
or find it hard to steer,
your power steering fluid may be
This check should be done by removing the
radiator cap from the cool engine or reservoir.
If a refill is needed, fill with a 50/50 mix of
water and antifreeze.
Make sure the engine is off before
checking the battery.
Wear rubber gloves, battery acid burns the
skin and clothes, so be careful and if you get
battery acid on yourself or clothes,
Visually check the car
(one is marked positive "+" and the other
is marked negative "-").
Before cleaning the connections or
removing the battery, disconnect the
negative terminal first whenever
you disconnect the battery cables
from the terminals.
Removing the positive connector can cause
a spark, especially if you're using a metal
tool that comes in contact with any
piece of metal on the car.
The spark can create an ignition source
that could cause the battery to explode.
Check battery cables and
posts for corrosion
and clean them if needed.
Most batteries these days don’t require much in the
way of maintenance, but you should know where it
is and check it to make sure it’s not leaking and
there’s no mineral or other buildup on the
If there is, clean it off with a battery