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The following are the
History of:

The Car Radio,
The Brake System, Windshield Wipers,
The Dashboard, The Car Heater,
and More.

For the History of the
Car Radio -

For the History of the
Brake System

Windshield Wipers:

In 1903, American inventor Mary Anderson
is popularly credited with devising
the first operational windshield wiper.
In Anderson's patent, she called her
invention a 'window cleaning device'.
Her invention cleaned snow and
rain from the windshield, using
a handle from inside a vehicle.

Anderson had a model of her design
manufactured, then filed a patent
in June, 1903 that was issued
to her by the US Patent Office in
November, 1903.
In 1915, the
Mary Anderson ‘windshield wiper’
became standard issue on all cars.

In 1919, inventor William M. Folberth
and his brother, Fred, applied for
a patent for an 'Automatic Windscreen
Wiper Apparatus', which was
granted in 1922.
It was the first "automatic" mechanism
to be developed by an American.

The new vacuum powered system
quickly became standard equipment
on cars, and the vacuum principle
was in use until about 1960.

In the late 1950s, a feature common
on modern vehicles first appeared,
operating the wipers automatically
for two or three passes when the
windshield washer button was
pressed, making it unnecessary to
manually turn the wipers on as well.

Today, an electronic timer is used,
but originally a small vacuum cylinder
mechanically linked to a switch provided
the delay as the vacuum leaked off.

In 1963, the intermittent wiper was
invented by Robert Kearns in
Detroit, Michigan.

Kearns's design was intended to
mimic the function of the
human eye, which blinks only
once every few seconds.
In 1963, Kearns built his first
intermittent wiper system
using electronic components.

In the Kearns design, the interval between
wipes was determined by the
rate of current flow into a capacitor.
When the charge in the capacitor
reached a certain voltage, the capacitor
was discharged, activating the wiper
motor for one cycle.

Kearns showed his wiper to the
Ford Motor Company, and proposed
manufacturing the design.

Ford executives rejected Kearns' proposal,
but later offered a similar design as
an option on the company's
Mercury line, beginning with
the 1969 models.

Kearns sued Ford in a multi-year patent
dispute that Kearns eventually won
in court.

Some cars from the 1960s and 1970s,
had hydraulically driven wipers,
most notably the 1961 - 1969
Lincoln Continental.

The Dashboard:

The word “dashboard” originated from
horse drawn carriages.

The dash board were the boards that
protected the driver and their
passengers from being splashed
or "dashed" by mud, snow, rocks,
and other debris from the horses
back feet.

In the early 1900’s when carriages
became motorized, the “dashboards"
remained useful as a panel that
protected passengers from the
heat and oil of the engine.

And later were repurposed to house
panel instruments such as
speedometers, fuel gauges, etc.

The Car Heater:

As motor carriages increased, portable
coal burning heaters appeared
on the market.

These heaters were made of galvanized
iron and brass handles.
The coal was placed in a drawer
that slid into the outer shell.
The special type of coal used in these
heaters was in the shape of a brick
that burned without odor or smoke.

Before use, the brick was placed
into a brisk fire until it became
thoroughly hot.

It was then taken out of the fire and
left standing until the flame died away.
Then the hot brick was placed in the
heater drawer.

A small brick was sufficient to
provide heat for several hours.
The coal could be doused with
water and used over again.

In 1893 mechanical engineer
Margaret Wilcox from Chicago
invented the first car heater.
She designed a way for the car
engine to open and disperse hot air
inside the car for the driver and
their passengers.

In the 1920's, manufacturers designed
exhaust manifolds that allowed
some of the exhaust heat to be
moved into the passenger
The heater manifolds would push
out a lot of heat.

In 1930, GM pioneered the
now standard heater core.

In 1933, Ford made the first
in-dash heater, a small
gas fueled boiler.

In 1937, Nash Motors in Kenosha,
Wisconsin perfected the cabin
heating system with temperature
controls and air filters that we
know today.

In 1941, Nash introduced the automatic
temperature controls in the car
heating system.

Around 1950, car manufactures began
using outside air for climate control.

In the early 1970's, Cadillacs
were the first cars with fully
automatic climate controls, adjusting
interior temps to those outside.

Did you know?

In 1964, Gail Brown, a school
teacher in Chicago, made history
when she became the first
Mustang owner in America.

She bought her Mustang, 2 days
before the car was set to
go on sale.
A mix up at the dealer resulted in
her making the very first retail
purchase of a Mustang.

Even though Ford would later
alter the Mustang as a muscle car,
Ford’s release of the Mustang began
with a large marketing effort
aimed at women.

And part of the advertising campaign,
the company put ads in the
'Women’s' section in over 2,500

The popularity of the Mustang for
women remained strong from
the 1960's through today.

The word MOPAR originated from:

In the 1930's to early 1940's
Chrysler Corporation looked into
consolidating the parts divisions
of all their brands
(Chrysler, Dodge, Plymouth,
DeSoto, Imperial etc.)
into one division.

Thus the Chrysler Corporation Mopar
division was created.
Parts used on any of the brands
came in boxes branded with the
Chrysler MOtor PARts logo.

Over time, Mopar became a
synonymous term to use to talk
about any of the Chrysler
Corporation vehicles.

Other History and Facts:

Did you know?

I-90 is the longest interstate
in the U.S. at more than
3000 miles.
It starts in Seattle and ends in
Boston and it is the most northern
coast-to-coast interstate.

In the 1940's, the FCC assigned
television's Channel 1 to mobile
(2-way radios in taxicabs, etc.)
but did not re-number the other
channel assignments.
That is why your TV set has
channels 2 and up, but no
channel 1.

  For more History such
as: Car Lighting, Street
Lighting, Traffic Lighting,
Turn Signals

For Wisconsin Automobile