Packard was founded by James
his brother William, and their partner, George
Lewis Weiss, in Warren, Ohio.
A mechanical engineer, James Packard believed they
could build a better horseless carriage than the
Winton cars owned by Weiss. Packard's first car was
built in Warren, Ohio, in November, 1899.
the Ohio Automobile Company
was founded to
produce Packard automobiles and in 1902 the name was
changed to the Packard Motor Car Company with
James Packard as president.
In the beginning, all Packards had a single-cylinder
engine until 1903.
Packard vehicles featured innovations, including the
modern steering wheel and, years later, the first production
12-cylinder engine, adapted from developing the
Liberty L-12, and air-conditioning in a passenger car.
Packard produced its "Twin Six" model series of
12-cylinder cars from 1915 to 1923.
Packard constructed a modern
manufacturing plant in Detroit.
Packard produced luxury automobiles not only for the
American market, but also for foreign markets.
By the 1920s, Packard was exporting more cars than
any other make in the luxury class.
While the high-volume Oldsmobile Runabout went for $650, the
Packard concentrated on cars with prices starting at $2,600.
The company developed a following among
wealthy purchasers both in the United States
and abroad, competing with European
marques like Rolls-Royce and Mercedes Benz.
the Great Depression forced
Packard to introduce its
first lower priced car, the Packard 120. Sales tripled in 1935
and then doubled again in 1936. The 120 model was
built in an entirely separate factory.
Packard ceased the car
production during World War II.
In late 1945, the company resumed production with the Clipper.
cars of this era, the 1946
and 1947 models were
essentially the same as the 1941 models. In the post-war era,
Packard decided to emphasize the higher volume lower priced
models instead of the more expensive models.
first half of the twentieth
century the Packard was
one of America’s premier luxury automobiles.
The first Packard automobiles were produced
in 1899, and the last true Packard in 1956,
when they built the Packard Predictor,
their last concept car.
Studebaker in 1953 and
Studebaker-Packard Corporation of
South Bend, Indiana. The final Packards were
actually badge engineered 1958
founded in South Bend,
incorporated in 1868 under the name of the Studebaker Brothers
Manufacturing Company, the company was originally a
producer of wagons for farmers, miners,
and the military.
Studebaker began when
and Clement opened the H & C Studebaker
blacksmith shop in South Bend, Indiana, in 1852.
Their wagons became known for quality and longevity.
began slowly, with
production being only 2
built and sold the first year; the first carriage followed
By 1858, brother John Mohler joined and invested in the firm,
which was filling wagon orders for the U.S. Army.
Studebaker continued to supply wagons to the
Army throughout the Civil War, exposing their product to
grew quickly. Production in
1867 was 6,000
and by 1885 topped 75,000.
Sales by 1887 surpassed $2 million.
Studebaker had become one of the world's largest manufacturers of
horse drawn vehicles in the world.
This success was not without hardship. Major fires occurred at the
factory in 1872 and 1874 with the 1872 fire nearly wiping out the firm,
and the 1874 fire destroying two-thirds of the factory.
its wagons, Studebaker
carriages were highly
and counted U.S. presidents among their passengers,
including Abraham Lincoln, who was transported to Ford's Theater
the night he was assassinated in a Studebaker carriage.
was the only top ranked carriage builder
to actually manufacture both automobiles
and wagons from 1902 to 1920.
The company introduced an electric car in
1902 and a gasoline powered vehicle in 1904.
entered the automotive
business in 1902
vehicles and in 1904 with gasoline vehicles, all sold under the
name Studebaker Automobile Company.
The first gasoline automobiles to be fully manufactured by Studebaker
were marketed in August 1912.
Over the next 50 years, the company established a reputation for good
quality and reliability.
closed its South Bend plant
Car production continued at the Ontario, Canada, plant
until its closure in March 1966, ending a 114 year history
of Studebaker vehicles.