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The term "Muscle car" is used to describe
a wide variety of powerful, high
performance cars.

 While some people have different opinions
about what qualifies as a muscle car and what
doesn't, the term usually applies to two-door,
rear-wheel-drive, small to midsize cars
with large, powerful eight-valve (V8)

It has its origins with the introduction of
OHV (Overhead Valve) engines by Oldsmobile
and Cadillac in 1949 when car magazine writers
described those cars as having
"Plenty of Muscle."

The term stuck, was modified to being
"Muscle Car" and became a part of the
horsepower race of the 1950's.