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Bicycle mechanics J. Frank and Charles Duryea of
Springfield, Mass.,  had designed the American
gasoline automobile in 1893,
then won the first American car race in 1895, and
went on to make the first  sale of an American-made gasoline
car the next year.

Thirty American manufacturers produced 2,500 motor vehicles
in 1899, and some 485 companies entered the
business in the next decade.

In 1908 Henry Ford introduced the Model T and William Durant
founded General Motors.

The Model T was an automobile built by the Ford Motor Company
from 1908 until 1927.

The Model T was offered in several body styles, including
a five-seat touring car, a two-seat runabout, and a seven-seat
town car.
All bodies were mounted on a uniform 100-inch-wheelbase
A choice of colors was originally available, but from 1913 to 1925
the car was mass-produced in only one color - black.

The engine was simple and efficient, with all four cylinders cast in a
single block and the cylinder head detachable for easy
access and repair.
The engine generated 20 horsepower and propelled the car to
modest top speeds of 40–45 miles per hour.
In most  models the engine was started by a hand crank, which
activated a magneto connected to the flywheel, but after 1920
some models were  equipped with battery-powered


In 1854, David Dunbar Buick, was the founder
of the Buick Motor Company.

As a young man, he worked in the plumbing industry and
developed, among other inventions, a successful process
for bonding porcelain  enamel to cast-iron bathtubs.

During the 1890s, Buick became interested in
automobiles and the gasoline internal combustion engine.
In 1903, he founded the Buick Motor Company.
The following year, William Durant, a titan of the horse-drawn
carriage industry, invested in Buick’s company, which was by then
based in Flint, Michigan.
That same year, the company made a total of 37 autos, known as
the Model B.

By 1906, Buick had lost control of the business and sold his stock,
which would later be worth  millions of dollars.
Two years later, in 1908, William Durant made the Buick firm the
cornerstone of his newly formed holding
company, General Motors.