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Bicycle mechanics J.
Frank and Charles Duryea of
Springfield, Mass., had designed the American
gasoline automobile in 1893,
then won the first American car race in 1895, and
went on to make the first sale of an American-made
car the next year.
manufacturers produced 2,500 motor vehicles
The Model T was an
automobile built by the Ford Motor Company
in 1899, and some 485 companies entered the
business in the next decade.
In 1908 Henry Ford introduced the Model T and
founded General Motors.
from 1908 until 1927.
The Model T was offered in several body styles, including
a five-seat touring car, a two-seat runabout, and a
All bodies were mounted on a uniform 100-inch-wheelbase
A choice of colors was originally available, but from 1913
the car was mass-produced in only one color - black.
The engine was simple and efficient, with all four cylinders
cast in a
single block and the cylinder head detachable for easy
access and repair.
The engine generated 20 horsepower and propelled the car to
modest top speeds of 40–45 miles per hour.
In most models the engine was started by a hand crank,
activated a magneto connected to the flywheel, but after 1920
some models were equipped with battery-powered
In 1854, David Dunbar Buick, was the founder
of the Buick Motor Company.
As a young man, he worked in the plumbing industry and
developed, among other inventions, a successful process
for bonding porcelain enamel to cast-iron bathtubs.
During the 1890s, Buick became interested in
automobiles and the gasoline internal combustion engine.
In 1903, he founded the Buick Motor Company.
The following year, William Durant, a titan of the
carriage industry, invested in Buick’s company, which was
based in Flint, Michigan.
That same year, the company made a total of 37 autos,
the Model B.
By 1906, Buick had lost control of the business
and sold his stock,
which would later be worth millions of dollars.
Two years later, in 1908, William Durant made
the Buick firm the
cornerstone of his newly formed holding
company, General Motors.